FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions
Or most everything you wanted to know about colloidal silver generators, but didn't know who to ask.
How easy are colloidal silver generators to operate?
Our generators are very easy to operate. One only needs to know how to fill a jar with water to within 25 mm (one inch) from the top, be able to set an alarm or to tell time by a clock.
What is the Warranty for your colloidal silver generator?
Our Nano Particle Colloidal Silver Generators have a lifetime guarantee on labour, transferable. All components are warranted against defects for 10 years, too. Abuse, opening the Generator, or Modification to the Generator will void the warranty at our discretion.
The only exception to the 10 year warranty is the silver wire, which will eventually wear out.
In the unlikely event that you should encounter any difficulty, contact our technicians through Colloidal Silver Generator website contact page
What is contained your Colloidal Silver Generator?
- The Colloidal Silver Generator.
- A Pair of 12 gauge .9999 fine pure Silver Wires.
- Operation Instruction Booklet.
Will I have to buy anything extra?
- Your generator requires distilled water
- You will need to provide a one quart or one liter jar. Canning Jars (Preserve Jar, Mason Jar) work very well.
- Storage Bottles.
See our Links page for resources for Glass Jars and Bottles. Your local Super Market, Chemist Shoppe, Apothecary, or Drug Store will carry Distilled Water
Can I use other Reverse Osmosis Water, Well Water, or Tap Water for my Generator? Can I use Rain Water or Water from the Dehumidifier?
No we do not recommend these sources of water, unless it is an extreme emergency.
Use only Distilled Water.
- Reverse Osmosis, Well Water, Filtered Water, and Tap Water are not sufficiently de-mineralized to produce the submicroscopic particles your generator is capable of.
- Rain water can be polluted from Industrial waste/Smog (Acid Rain) and other Pollutants (Mercury from Coal Fired Power Plants within a 160 Kilometer radius). Rain water collected in a Rural Area (away from power plants or industrial areas) and filtered has been found to work in most cases in the third world.
- Water from a dehumidifier may contain tobacco smoke, cooking oils, and other indoor air pollutants.
I noticed some particles/sludge/floating material in my colloidal silver after the generator finished. The material was black/grey/brown/metallic silver and was at the bottom of the jar/or floating in the colloidal silver. Is this normal?
The particles you saw are different forms of silver tarnish which forms separately from the colloidal silver. This tarnish formation is common with almost all colloidal silver generators with a few exceptions. This is normal. The tarnish is non-toxic and harmless if swallowed.
Pour of the as much of the clear colloidal silver as possible. One can filter the remainder through a unbleached coffee or tea filter (these filters are brown) or one feed the remainder to your plants or one can simply discard the remaining dregs of colloidal silver and tarnish.
One of my silver electrodes normally turns black when I brewed my colloidal silver. The last time the why did not turn black. Is my generator broken?
The absence or presence of tarnish on one, both, or neither wire is normal. Your generator is functioning properly.
Can I purchase a colloidal silver generators without silver wire the silver wires?
Email our sales department, to purchase any of our colloidal generators without silver wires.
People ask to purchase our generator without silver wire for several reasons:
- Some individuals already possess 12 gauge pure silver wire.
- Our Customers desire a backup colloidal silver generator.
- Some individuals prefer a different choice of the level of purity for their pure silver wire.
Can I purchase Silver Wire from a Jeweler?
Yes, silver wire is for sale from Jewelers who sell pure Silver Wire. Jewelers have significantly more overhead than Mail Order Precious Metal Merchants and will charge appropriately. Jewelers may be higher or lower priced on Silver Wire than a Colloidal Silver Generator retailer.
I have some 12 Gauge Sterling Silver Wire from making Jewelry. Can I use Sterling Silver wire instead of Pure Silver Wire?
No, absolutely not ! Never use Sterling Silver to make Colloidal Silver, only use Pure Silver.
Sterling Silver contains other metals that are poisonous. Sterling silver is an alloy of silver containing 92.5% pure silver and 7.5% other metals, originally copper, but no longer exclusively so today. There are nearly a dozen other metals and chemical additives found in Sterling Silver. Some metals are used to harden (Nickel for example which is toxic), to inhibit tarnishing (Germanium), or to reduce staining during the alloy process. Zinc and Platinum are among some of the metals which may be added. Some other additives include Silicon and Boron.
Only use Pure Silver Wire, and be on the safe side.
Do I need to store the finish Colloidal Silver in the refrigerator or freezer?
Never store Colloidal Silver in either the Refrigerator or Freezer. Keep your Colloidal Silver at room temperature, in either an enclosed cupboard or in coloured glass bottle. Colloidal silver belongs to a classification of colloids which are affected by cold.
Can I store the finish Colloidal Silver in the plastic bottles or can I use a plastic jar to make Colloidal Silver in?
We recommend using only glass bottles and jars for making and storing Colloidal Silver. Glass is a superior storage medium. Plastic bottles are used for economical reasons, primarily to reduce weight to lower for shipping costs. While some types of plastic safe for colloidal silver for short term storage (less than a year), all types of plastic contain chemicals which eventually leach into the contents of any liquid stored in them.
- 1 PET, PETE. PET might yield endocrine disruptors under conditions of common use and recommended research continues on this topic.
- 2 HDPE may leach estrogen mimicking chemicals (see 4 LDPE below)
- 3 PVC. (Poly Vinyl Chloride aka Vinyl or Saran Wrap). Used in everything from tubing, plastic wrap, etc., PVC contains toxic chemicals including DEHP, a type of phthalate used as a plastics softener. Phthalates are one of the groups of "gender-bending" chemicals causing males of many species to become more female. These chemicals have disrupted the endocrine systems of wildlife, causing testicular cancer, genital deformations, low sperm counts and infertility in a number of species, including polar bears, deer, whales and otters, just to name a few.
- 4 LDPE. Another plastic that is considered a low hazard, LDPE is used in bags for bread, newspapers, fresh produce, household garbage and frozen foods, as well as in paper milk cartons and hot and cold beverage cups. While LDPE does not contain BPA, it may pose risks of leaching estrogenic chemicals, similar to HDPE. Excellent resistance (no attack) to dilute and concentrated acids, alcohols, bases and esters; Good resistance (minor attack) to aldehydes, ketones and vegetable oils. (Good is not good enough).
- 5 PP. Polypropylene is said to have a high heat tolerance making it unlikely to leach chemicals, at least one study found that PP plastic ware used for laboratory studies did leach at least two chemicals.
- 6 PS. Polystyrene is known to leach styrene, which can damage your nervous system and is linked to cancer, into your food. Temperature has been found to play a role in how much styrene leaches from polystyrene containers, which means using them for hot foods and beverages (such as hot coffee in a polystyrene cup) may be worst of all.
- 7 Polycarbonate (Lexan) used in baby bottles and in large drinking water bottle dispensers when heated releases chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA). Exposure to BPA is a concern because of possible health effects of BPA on the brain, behavior and prostate gland of fetuses, infants and children. If you must use a Polycarbonate container, avoid any container that has been heated. The US National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health, advises against microwaving polycarbonate plastics or putting them in the dishwasher, because the plastic may break down over time and allow BPA to leach into foods. BPA free Polycarbonte does exist, but if you have to go to the bother of tracking down such a product you could use the effort to find and use glass.
- 7 Other plastics not specified, or what you don't know will hurt. Don't play Russian Roulette with the Number 7 plastics.
A basic rule of thumb, the softer the plastic, the more likely it contains dangerous chemicals from the softeners also known as "plasticizers".
Here is a recap of the list for those of you who reuse plastic bottles, etc:
- 1 Polyethylene terephthalate (PET or PETE)
Suspect: Proposed mechanisms include leaching of phthalates as well as leaching of antimony. Article published in Journal of Environmental Monitoring in April 2012 concludes that antimony concentration in deionized water stored in PET bottles stays within EU's acceptable limit even if stored briefly at temperatures up to 60 °C (140°F), while bottled contents (water or soft drinks) may occasionally exceed the EU limit after less than a year of storage at room temperature. Short term storage (shipping) only.
- 2 High density polyethylene (HDPE)
Low Hazard: May leach any chemicals that are suspected of causing cancer or disrupting hormones, but no known chemical reaction to water.
- 3 Polyvinyl chloride (V or PVC)
Very High risk: To soften into its flexible form, manufacturers add “plasticizers” during production. Traces of these chemicals can leach out of PVC when in contact with foods. According to the National Institutes of Health, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), commonly found in PVC, is a suspected human carcinogen.
- 4 Low-density polyethylene (LDPE)
Low Risk: May leach any chemicals that are suspected of causing cancer or disrupting hormones, but no known chemical reaction to water.
- 5 Polypropylene (PP)
Low Risk: Hazardous during production, and thought to be safe after manufacture to high temperature, at least one study found that PP plastic ware used for laboratory studies did leach at least two chemicals.
- 6 Polystyrene (PS)
BAD: Benzene (material used in production) is a known human carcinogen. Butadiene and styrene (the basic building block of the plastic) are suspected carcinogens. Energy intensive and poor recycling.
- 7 Other (usually polycarbonate)
BAD: Made with biphenyl-A, a chemical invented in the 1930s in search for synthetic estrogens. A hormone disruptor. Simulates the action of estrogen when tested in human breast cancer studies. Can leach into food as product ages or if heated.
BPA free Polycarbonate Plastic water bottles became available for sale commercially. Some experts question the so-called safety of the replacement for BPA; some researchers believe the chemical to be potentially as problematic if not of greater threat than the previous BPA Polycarbonate bottles.
Tins of food (Canned Food in the US) switched from lead solder to enamel coated tins (cans). The enamel coating contains BPA!
From the US Center for Disease Control Website:
"Levels of BPA in the U.S. Population In the Fourth National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals (Fourth Report), CDC scientists measured BPA in the urine of 2,517 participants aged six years and older who took part in CDC's National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) during 2003–2004. By measuring BPA in urine, scientists can estimate the amount of BPA that has entered peoples' bodies.
CDC scientists found BPA in the urine of nearly all of the people tested, which indicates widespread exposure to BPA in the U.S. population. "
Finding a measurable amount of BPA in the urine does not imply that the levels of BPA cause an adverse health effect. Biomonitoring studies on levels of BPA provide physicians and public health officials with reference values so that they can determine whether people have been exposed to higher levels of BPA than are found in the general population. Biomonitoring data can also help scientists plan and conduct research on exposure and health effects."
The US CDC cavalier attitude should be a cause for concern:
"THE GIST: It’s one of the most common chemicals we’re exposed to each day, and it’s in everything from food and drink containers to dental fillings. BPA is a synthetic estrogen that can disrupt the hormone system, particularly when exposures occur while babies are still in the womb or in early life. Even miniscule exposures increase risks for breast cancer, prostate cancer, infertility, early puberty, metabolic disorders and type-2 diabetes. Some BPA alternatives, such as BPS, have come on the market, but have yet to be proven safe. The FDA has banned BPA from baby bottles and infant formula packaging.
The State of the Evidence on Bisphenol A (BPA) Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the most common chemicals to which we are exposed in everyday life. It is the building block of polycarbonate plastic and is also used in the manufacture of epoxy resins found in many common consumer products (Beronius, 2010). It is also prevalent in thermal receipts and other paper products, including in recycled paper products as a result of the recycling of thermal receipts (Liao, 2011).
TIPS FOR PREVENTION Avoid canned foods; clear, shatterproof plastic food and drink containers; and thermal receipts. And even if a plastic is labeled as BPA-free, do not assume that it's safe!
More tips for protecting your family > An estimated 5 million US tons of this endocrine-disrupting chemical were produced globally in 2008, and more than 2.4 million tons were produced in the United States in 2007 (CEPA, 2009). According to Global Industry Analysts, the global market is expected to reach 6 million tons by 2015 (GIA, 2010). Over 500 tons of BPA are released into the U.S. environment annually, according to an estimate by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA, 2012). Significant levels of BPA have been measured in ambient air (Matsumoto, 2005), house dust (Rudel, 2003), and river and drinking water (Rodriguez-Mozaz, 2005).
Present in many common household products such as eyeglasses and compact discs, BPA is also commonly found in the epoxy lining of metal food cans; polycarbonate plastic food containers, including some baby bottles; microwave ovenware; and eating utensils. Because BPA is an unstable compound and is also lipophilic (fat-seeking), it can leach into food products, especially when heated (Brotons, 1995). Once in food, BPA can move quickly into people — a particular concern for women of childbearing age and young children. Two studies have explored the effects of increased ingestion of food and drink packaged in materials containing endocrine-disrupting compounds. Both found rapid increases (within a few days to a week) in BPA levels in urine and/or blood samples taken from subjects who intentionally increased their intake of common foods and drinks packaged in BPA-containing products (Carwile, 2009; Smith, 2009). Another study took the opposite approach and demonstrated that just a three-day period of limiting intake of packaged foods decreased the concentrations of BPA found in urine by an average 65 percent (Rudel, 2011).
Clearance of BPA from the body is quite rapid, with its urinary half-life on the order of hours to days. A recent study of samples taken from fasting people indicates that sources other than foods may also be responsible for the pervasive exposure to BPA, as levels of the chemical did not decrease as rapidly as would have been predicted were food the only source of contamination (Stahlhut, 2009), a finding supported by growing evidence of BPA’s presence in thermal receipts and other paper goods.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention researchers have measured BPA in 93 percent of about 2,500 urine samples from a broad national sample of adults through the NHANES study (Calafat, 2008). BPA has been found in the blood (Padmanabhan, 2008) and urine (Ye, 2009a) of pregnant women, and in breast milk soon after women gave birth (Kuruto-Niwa, 2006). BPA has also been found in blood samples from developing fetuses and the surrounding amniotic fluid (Ikezuki, 2002); it has also been measured in placental tissue and umbilical cord blood at birth (EWG, 2009; Schonfelder, 2002) as well as in the urine of premature infants housed in neonatal ICUs (Calafat, 2009).
That BPA is found so extensively in people, from prenatal to adult ages, is particularly impressive given the relatively short half-life of the chemical. Nevertheless, one of the big controversies in the field is related to the form of BPA that is measured in these human biomonitoring studies. The parent chemical, bisphenol A, is known to be weakly estrogenic (Markey, 2001; Wetherill, 2007). However BPA is rapidly metabolized (converted) by the gastrointestinal tract and the liver to a form of BPA (called conjugated BPA) that does not display known estrogenic activity (Matthews, 2001; Volkel, 2002). Analysis of human urine and blood samples has led some investigators to conclude that levels of the parent, estrogenic form of BPA are insignificant in both blood and urine samples of people, and that the conjugated metabolites being reported by most scientists have no known physiological activity (Teeguarden, 2011; Volkel 2008). Others recognize the importance of BPA conversion by metabolism, but conclude that the cumulative evidence from human biomonitoring studies indicates sufficient continued exposure of people to unconjugated (parent) BPA to explain its observed effects on physiological systems (Vandenberg, 2010b).
A further complication in understanding the data from human and animal studies is that, while adult rodents and mammals appear to have similar rates of metabolizing BPA, there may be important differences in metabolism of BPA between rodent and primate (including human) metabolism of the compound in very young animals, a factor that would influence the usefulness of using rodent models for understanding development effects of early BPA exposures in humans (Doerge, 2011; Taylor, 2010).
Despite these important controversies over the form and amount of BPA to which developing and adult humans are exposed, considerable data indicate that exposure of humans to BPA is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease, miscarriages, decreased birth weight at term, breast and prostate cancer, reproductive and sexual dysfunctions, altered immune system activity, metabolic problems and diabetes in adults, and cognitive and behavioral development in young children (Braun, 2009, 2011; Rees-Clayton, 2011; Lang, 2008; Li, 2009; Miao, 2011; Sugiura-Ogasawara, 2005). These findings are entirely consistent with parallel research in rodent models demonstrating reproductive, metabolic and neurodevelopmental problems in animals exposed to environmentally relevant levels of BPA (e.g., Salian, 2011; Wei, 2011; Wolstenholme, 2011).
With regard to mammary development and increased risk for development of breast cancer, several studies using both rat and mouse models have demonstrated that even brief exposures to environmentally relevant doses of BPA during gestation or around the time of birth lead to changes in mammary tissue structure predictive of later development of tumors (Maffini, 2006; Markey, 2001; Muñoz-de-Toro, 2005). Exposure also increased sensitivity to estrogen at puberty (Wadia, 2007). Early exposure to BPA led to abnormalities in mammary tissue development that were observable even during gestation and were maintained into adulthood (Vandenberg, 2007; 2008). Prenatal exposure of rats to BPA resulted in increases in the number of pre-cancerous lesions and in situ tumors (carcinomas) (Murray, 2007a), as well as an increased number of mammary tumors following adulthood exposures to subthreshold doses (lower than that needed to induce tumors) of known carcinogens (Durando, 2007; Jenkins, 2009).
Another mechanism by which perinatal exposures to low levels of BPA may affect mammary tissue development at puberty and into adulthood is through increased synthesis of the progesterone receptor and activation of progesterone-regulated mammary-cell proliferation (Ayyanan, 2011).
Changes in mammary development comparable to those observed in rodent models were also observed when female rhesus monkeys were exposed to environmentally relevant doses of BPA during gestation (Tharp, 2012).
Some of the long-term effects of neonatal exposures to BPA may be dose dependent, with low- and high-dose exposures resulting in different timing and profiles of changes in gene expression in cells of the mammary gland. In one study, low-dose exposures had the most profound effect on rat mammary glands during the period just prior to the animals’ reaching reproductive maturity, while higher doses had more delayed effects, altering gene expression in mammary tissues from mature adults (Moral, 2008). In a study of chronic exposure of adult mice to different concentrations of BPA, only low doses decreased the latency of tumor appearance and increased the number of mammary tumors as well as their rate of metastasis. All doses enhanced the rate of mammary cell proliferation, but only relatively higher doses counteracted this increased proliferation with parallel increases in programmed cell death (apoptosis) (Jenkins, 2011).
In addition to physical abnormalities in the developing mammary tissue of rodents treated around the time of birth with low levels of BPA (0.7 ug/kg body weight/day or 64 ug/kg body weight/day), there are also functional deficits. Female rats exposed to BPA during gestation and suckling had physical abnormalities in their adult mammary tissue as well as decreases in yield and different protein content of their own milk when as new mothers, they were feeding their pups. Observed differences following BPA exposure were similar to those found in rats that had been similarly exposed to diethylstilbestrol, a known breast tumor inducer (Kass, 2012)."
The US FDA in June 2014 reiterated that BPA is safe in the way it is currently used by plastics manufacturers. But the agency also dismissed as irrelevant the vast majority of the BPA safety studies its own scientists reviewed in preparation for that official position statement. According to the FDA, for example, all of the 48 epidemiological studies reviewed had “no utility” for the agency’s risk assessment, the formal process it undertakes to decide if a chemical is safe for human health or not.
But it is worth mentioning that studies funded by the American Chemistry Council—a trade group that represents companies that manufacture chemicals like BPA. The council has funded other studies on BPA, and they’ve all concluded that the chemical has no harmful effects. One 2006 analysis by vom Saal and Wade Welshons showed that 11 out of 11 industry-funded studies found BPA had no significant action, while 109 of 119 studies that had no industry funding (92 percent) did find effects of BPA.“It’s puzzling when you see that kind of disparity—it doesn’t make sense from a scientific perspective,” says Andrea Gore, a professor of pharmacology and toxicology at the University of Texas at Austin and editor-in-chief of the journal Endocrinology. Dr. Csaba Leranth, a Yale School of Medicine physician and scientist whose studies have shown that BPA reduces the number of synapses (brain cell connections) in monkey brains, is more direct: “Studies funded by industry are not reliable."
In some cases, the reviewers’ notes don’t seem to match up with the FDA’s sweeping assertion that there’s nothing to see here. For example, the reviewers wrote of one 2013 study, “These data support a plausible relationship between urinary BPA levels and obesity.” They say that another paper, regarding hyperactivity, “should be considered as part of the growing body of work assessing relationships between BPA exposure and behavior.” But none of these seemingly concerning links are mentioned in the conclusion that BPA is safe.
“I think there’s a strong influence among the chemical industries and their lobbyists—they have the money and time,” Gore says, adding that researchers have very little of both. In 2013, for example, the American Chemistry Council spent more than $11 million on lobbying expenses, according to the Center for Responsive Politics. Industry groups have also funded, and in some cases written up, research done by governmental scientists. One 2008 investigation, by the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, found that “a government report claiming that bisphenol-A is safe was written largely by the plastics industry and others with a financial stake in the controversial chemical.”
The US FDA approves PVC tubing with Food Grade and Medical Grade labels which are just as chemically laden and normal PVC. Economics trumps safety research when industry profits are concerned.
The US FDA maintains that Colloidal Silver is not considered Safe and Effective (approved for Drug Use). How credible is the agencies determination. Colloidal Silver would only be considered safe if approved as a drug (after $500,000.00+ USD clinical trials). By the same token, the US FDA wouldn't consider water as safe and effective unless approved as a drug.
Use glass bottles except for short term transport of colloidal silver and eliminate a cause for concern.
Will other metals work with colloidal generator. Can I make colloidal copper or colloidal gold with your generator?
The Nano Particle Colloidal Silver Generator can produce colloidal copper. One would substitute 12 Gauge pure copper wires for the pure silver wire.
A typical colloidal silver generator will not make colloidal gold, including the Nano Particle Colloidal Silver Generator. Colloidal gold requires very high electrical voltage alternating current (AC), an extremely dangerous electrocution hazard. The Nano Particle Colloidal Silver Generator uses only very low voltage direct current (DC).
Can the colloidal silver generator be modified to use Silver Coins or Bars instead of Silver Wire? Can I use silver plate (rectangular pieces of silver) to increase surface area similar to other generators.
Electrical wire became round as an efficient way to conduct electricity.
One of our colloidal silver generator can be modified to use Silver Coins or Bars; however it may not work up to one's expectations. Most Silver Coins and bars have a much larger mass (weight) of Silver than the two Silver Wires. This increases resistance, therefore voltage and current would be affected and the generator would not work as original designed.
Contact technical support for a recommendation how to use any of these silver instead of wire.
A jewelry or silversmith can fashion 12 gauge wire from pure silver coins and bars, for example One Ounce Canadian Silver Maple Leaf into 12 Gauge Silver Wire. This would be easier I would recommend sealed uncirculated pure silver coins.
How much Colloidal Silver should I take for specific medical conditions?
Our company sells generators to a number of countries that prohibit medical claims. Our company cannot and will not make any claims, nor can we infer any medical benefits in any communication as a result. The operation instruction manual likewise does not supply this information, either.
Can I use my Generator overseas?
Yes, you can use your Generator overseas. Your options will be dependent on which model you have purchased and what overseas means to you.
Our new international can with a flick of switch convert between the two world standards, 220-240V and 105-127V AC
Our colloidal silver generator, at 220V-240V AC, requires a low wattage Voltage Converter (also known as a step up transformer) found in most countries with lower voltages (anything over 5 Watts) such as most of North America, Japan, and some Central and South American Countries.
Our Colloidal Silver Generator for countries with 105V-127V AC requires a low wattage Voltage Converter (also known as a step down transformer) for most countries with voltages 220V-240V AC (the rest of the world).
If you traveling to Africa, I would recommend investing in a power conditioner as mains voltages regulation can over-volt more than 10%.
See our Links Page for some suggestions and resources, electrical mains voltages from different countries, were to purchase Voltage Converters and Step down/ Step up Transformers.
Can I run my Colloidal Silver Generator Kit directly off of a 12 volt battery?
We recommend using a Power Inverter that changes 12 volts DC to the AC voltage appropriate to your model. Any inverter rated for low or medium wattage will work. Check our links pages for under sources for power inverters. The interior air pump that powers the air bubble tube requires AC voltage to work. A power inverter would solve that concern.
What is the ratio of Silver Ions to Silver Particles produced by your Nano Particle Colloidal Silver Generator?
The Nano Particle Colloidal Silver Generator produces on average 90% Charged Particles (Silver Ions) and 10% Elemental Silver Particles (90%/10%). All Direct Current Voltage Colloidal Silver Generators produce Charged Particles to Elemental Particles in ratios that vary between 85%/15% to 95%/5%, respectively, depending on manufacturer.
I've read at www.silver-colloids.com, an CS information website, that true colloidal silver comes from metal particles only. True Colloids cannot be produced by any colloidal silver generator as these produce silver ions which aren't particles. Silver ions are not colloids. Does your colloidal silver generator produce silver ions or does it produce True Colloids?
The only truthful statement from that website is no generator can produce true colloids as there is no such thing as a true colloid.
A definition for a "True Colloid" cannot be found in any reference book at the library, encyclopedia entry, or as a term in any college level chemistry or physics textbook (especially texts on colloids).
A colloidal silver manufacturer and retailer invented "true colloids" (and his definition) as a marketing gimmick as a trick to sell more product. And if you perform some due diligence, you will discover the owner of the silver-colloids.com website and the retailer who advertises true colloids products is one in the same person. Other than online references and advertisements, you will not find true colloids from any scientific publication or from any credible source.
The definition for a colloid is a trifle broad. The encyclopedia defines a colloid (also known as a colloidal system) as a mechanical mixture held in suspension with particle sizes between 1 micrometer (1 micron in the USA) and .001 micrometer (.001 micron) or 1000 nanometer and 1 nanometers. The material held in suspension can be a solid, liquid, or gas. The suspended material may be a liquid, gas, or solid, but there is an exception; gases are soluble in all gases, and are soluble in solutions.
An Ion is defined as "An atomic or molecular particle having a net electric charge." Ions are Charged Particles and Silver Ions are Silver Particles that have a Positive Charge.
One can find numerous references to colloidal ions.
The following excerpts originate from the ultimate reference source, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry:
“Colloidal dispersions may be lyophobic (my addition this includes hydrophobic, if the dispersion medium is an aqueous solution) or lyophilic (my addition this includes hydrophilic)
“Lyophobic sols (e.g. gold sol) cannot be formed by spontaneous dispersion in the medium. They are thermodynamically unstable with respect to separation into macroscopic phases, but they may remain for long times in a metastable state.”
“A colloidal electrolyte is an electrolyte which gives ions of which at least one is of colloidal size. This term therefore includes hydrophobic sols (colloidal silver), ionic association colloids, and polyelectrolytes.
“A sol is a colloidal suspension of very small particles in a continuous liquid medium." (Sols show the Tyndall effect. A sol has the appearance of water, but does not have to be transparent, for example: blood, pigmented ink, and paint.)
“Ions of low relative molecular mass, with a charge opposite to that of the colloidal ion, are called counter-ions; if their charge has the same sign as that of the colloidal ion, they are called co-ions."
What is the proper colour of colloidal silver? Is it golden yellow or the colour of ice tea.
Answer: The proper colour of colloidal silver at 10 or 20 ppm concentration is clear if the silver diameters are 200 nanometers (0.2 microns, US or 0.2 micrometres, UK) or smaller. Either yellow or amber ice tea coloured colloidal silver has particle diameters larger than this number as determined in by Dr Orr, Dr Dalla Valle, et al., who published on the subject in 1959.
How can I know my Nano Particle Colloidal Silver Generator is producing Silver into the water?
The best method I can suggest is to purchase a Laser Pointer from an electronics shop or office supply store. To test your Colloidal Silver, use a clear glass or glass jar and pour some Colloidal Silver into it. Shine the laser light through the glass jar in a dark closet, photographic dark room, or a dark basement (keyword “dark”).
You will observe a very faint red beam through the container, known as a Tyndall effect. This red beam does not occur with distilled water or water with either sugar or salt dissolved into it. Only colloids produce a Tyndall. This is one way to test a clear Colloidal Suspension. Note: be careful where you point the laser beam. Check the Links page for Laser Pointer Sources. The beam becomes more apparent if you generate silver for six hours.
Do you sell a Book on the uses of Colloidal Silver?
Our Generators are sold world wide, and are popular in the USA. The US FDA strictly prohibits the sale or inclusion of books on colloidal silver usage by colloidal silver and colloidal silver generator retailers. The US FDA believes these sales as making drug claims for an unapproved drug. The US FTC believes this is an actionable offense. As result of this regulatory issue, we do not have links to any Books in our Links/Resource Page at this time as the few books we have read on the subject are either out dated, overly expensive, or factually incorrect.
If you must purchase a book, our company recommend you try Amazon.com or another online book seller.
A number of other countries have patterned their laws after the US FDA regulations.
Do you sell bottles of Colloidal Silver?
The point of colloidal silver generator ownership is to kick the bottle habit. In other words we do not promote the use of bottle colloidal silver, consequently we do not offer colloidal silver bottles for sale.
Do your Generator ever go on sale?
We do offer occasionally have "scratch and dent" or "B Stock" brand new generators with a few cosmetic imperfections at reduced prices.
Contact the sales department for availability.
Do you seasonally offer your generators at an additional price reduction?
We do not offer annual sales or special offers good for "The next ten days, only).
We are in good company. The majority of the companies that advertised their generators as being "on sale" for limited time never offer the colloidal generators at non-sale price or full retail price.
The companies that advertise their colloidal generators as being on sale at significant reduction ($100.00 off) for “the next fifteen days only” do this as a marketing ploy. The time value instills a sense of urgency to trick you into placing an order before the "sale period" expires. But the sale period never expires.
These etailers perpetually advertise a special, limited time “promotional sale prices" 365 days a year, but never once sell their products at the “suggested retail.”
I hope this website convinces you in the value of a colloidal silver generator. Our generator standard North American compares with the more expensive (even when on sale) popular generator for less money.
A few companies feature limited special offers only available through a health newsletters. This is how I purchased my first colloidal silver generator. It was on sale for until the end of the month. (They didn't specify which month). Read my story page, the shifty owner thirty days later recommended I purchase a replacement generator at full price which by coincidence, the same price I paid originally, "On Sale."
Check our order pages from time to time for the spur of the moment special offers.
I used my neighbors TDS Meter to measure my colloidal silver and the measurement was low. Why is this?
A common misconception, Total Dissolved Solids Meters, engineered to measure solutions of conductive minerals or chemicals, cannot measure colloids (colloids are not solutions) with any accuracy.
Independent TDS retailers and more than a few colloidal generator sellers offer these devices with claims to the contrary.
Total Dissolved Solid Meters (TDS) measure Electrical Conductivity (EC) in microSiemens, uS and converts these microSiemens measurements into an approximate Part Per Million (PPM) readings.
The typical meter measures approximately 90% of conductive dissolved minerals in solutions at measurements over 100 ppm. At measurements below 100 ppm, error begins to creep into the displayed reading. At very low measurements (for example, testing distilled water), the error increases to 50%. Insufficiently distilled water (1.9 ppm) measures as 0 ppm.
The range of the typical TDS meter is 0-999 ppm and without digits to the right of the decimal point (1.9 ppm X 50%=0.95 ppm) the display screen indicates 000 ppm. TDS meter measures conductive material dissolved into water, but cannot measure non conductive Table Sugar (Sucrose) dissolved into water. As sugar does not conduct electrons, and sugar cannot be measured by a TDS meter although it is a dissolved solid.
A TDS meter can detect the presence of colloidal electrolytes (colloidal ions) in a liquid, but the displayed number is by no stretch of the imagination close to being even remotely accurate.
TDS meters contain electronic circuitry which calculates the Parts Per Million (ppm) by a conversion factor of typically 2 microSiemens (unit of conductivity) to 1 ppm.
A Sodium Chloride solution (saline) calibrates the meters at between 1.7 to 2.2 microSiemens to one 1 ppm. The TDS meter manufacturers chose a compromised measurement as different dissolved mineral compounds possess unique conversions of conductivity to PPM concentration. The number selected by many companies, 2 microSiemens to 1 ppm on the display screen lacks precision. And the majority of of TDS meters lack sub-decimal numbers.
Silver ion conductivity approximately equals 1 microSiemen to 1 ppm at 77F (25C).
Metallic silver particles in a colloidal suspension exhibit zero conductivity.
I write "approximately" as the 1 microSiemen to 1 ppm conversion factor does not always coincide with accurate laboratory instrument measurements.
Low voltage Direct Current colloidal silver generators produce between 85% to 95% silver ions (and these percentages can vary batch to batch) with the balance produced as suspended metallic silver particles between 15% to 5%, respectively.
In essence the TDS meters display 1 ppm on the screen for every 2 ppm of Silver ions and display 0 ppm for every 1 ppm of metallic silver particles. At best TDS meters measure only 90% of the conductivity in the water. If we take into account the non conductive metallic silver particles, our measurement at best might be 40% of the actual content (dependent on water temperature that isn't signficantly warmer or colder than 25C (77F).
A number of companies sell either TDS meters separately or bundled with their colloidal silver generators. Whether these companies supply the TDS meter to prove their generator produces colloidal silver, out of ignorance, or to add value and make sale is completely unclear. Also unclear, how much colloidal silver is present, possibly much more than consumer bargained for.
- A TDS meter converts 2 ppm of Silver Colloidal Electrolytes (colloidal ions) to a 1 ppm display
- Ignores the silver metallic particles,
- Measurements of low PPM concentrations may have another an additional error, plus or minus 50%.
Some quick math:
10 ppm of colloidal silver of which 95% is Ionic=9.5 microSiemens
(Ignoring the Error for below 100 ppm)
TDS conversion factor, 2 microSiemens equals 1 ppm 4.75 microSiemens
Drop numbers right of decimal points, 4 ppm on the display screen
(At 90% and 85% Ionic content at 10ppm displays 4 ppm, too)
Measurement is 40% of actual silver, at best; a higher higher ppm measurement at higher water temperature or a lower ppm measurement occurs at lower temperatures.
8 ppm of colloidal silver of which 85% is Ionic=6.8 microSiemens
TDS conversion factor, 2 microSiemens equals 1 ppm 6.8 microSiemens becomes 3.4 ppm.
Drop numbers right of decimal points, 3 ppm on the display screen
5 ppm of colloidal silver of which 90% is Ionic 4.5=microSiemens
TDS conversion factor, 2 microSiemens equals 1 ppm 4.5 microSiemens becomes 2.25 ppm.
Drop numbers right of decimal points, 2 ppm on the display screen
4 ppm of colloidal silver of which 90% is Ionic=3.6 microSiemens
TDS conversion factor, 2 microSiemens equals 1 ppm 3.6 microSiemens becomes 1.8 ppm.
Drop numbers right of decimal points, 1 ppm on the display screen
(Same results occur at 85% and 95% Ionic content)
Name brand bottle colloidal silver, MesoSilver of which 20% silver ions, 80% metallic silver particles
20 ppm of Silver of which 20% is Ionic 4=microSiemens
TDS conversion factor, 2 microSiemens equals 1 ppm, 2 microSiemens becomes 1 ppm
1 ppm on the display screen.
Some constant current colloidal silver generator companies advertise their generator produces colloidal silver 10 ppm as measured by the included TDS meter (and which their generator automatically shuts off at this "concentration").
- In light of the above calculations, what was the actual amount of colloidal silver measured to display 10 ppm?
- If these meters weren't calibrated to factory specifications, how inaccurate are the displayed measurement?
An Australian company advertises its modification to TDS meters endows their modified meters with the capability to measure colloidal silver. If true, the engineer responsible should be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, he would have produced an Electrical Conductivity meter capable of the measurement of non-conductive suspended metal particles.
Unfortunately, the claim, like so many claims concerning colloidal silver and related products, falls into the category of good marketing and/or complete ignorance on the subject, in place of good science.
The manufacturers of TDS meters aren't beating a path to this company's door.
And for a good reasons, TDS meters cannot effectively measure liquid colloids with even a modicum of accuracy. Go to any TDS meter manufacturer's website and you will discover:
- The manufacturers do not promote their TDS meters to measure colloidal silver.
- The manufacturers do not advertise their TDS meters to measure colloidal silver.
- The manufacturers do not sell TDS meters to measure colloidal silver.
- The manufactures do not refer customers to retailers who make such claims.
- The manufactures do not have instructions how to calibrate for colloids on their websites, or supplied with their TDS meters in the instruction manuals.
A Google search for "colloidal silver" of the TDS meter manufacturers' websites produces zero results.
Telephone or email to any of the manufacturers' sales department on this subject,. The sales representative will refer you to a technical support agent or an engineer. The reply will be "TDS meters can't measure colloidal silver." In fact no TDS meter manufacturer offers a device to measure colloidal silver.
The TDS meter can be of utility to a colloidal silver generator owner.
One can use a TDS to determine if water isn't distilled, if the display reads over 1 ppm, the distilled water contains a minimum of 2.2 ppm of total dissolved solids, and should be returned to the place of purchase as insufficiently distilled.
A factory calibrated TDS meter can check if a colloidal silver generator is functioning. If the initial measurement of the distilled water displays 0 ppm and after several hours the meter still displays 0 ppm, the generator requires repair.
Please consider: If an actual concentration of colloidal silver 10 ppm displays only 4 ppm, then how much stronger is a TDS display that reads 10 ppm? 20 ppm? Some generator companies state their generators produce this concentration, and provide confirmation based on TDS Meters.
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